Posted by WOW Closet CO on 8/16/2022 to
History in Asia
Silk Screening, also referred to as Silk-Screen Printing or Serigraphy, has been utilized for centuries throughout the world. Serigraphy comes from the Latin word “seri” meaning silk and the Greek word “graphein” meaning to draw. Though not officially considered to be the origin, the earliest story of silk screening comes from a tale in Polynesia where it’s people cut banana leaves and pushed ink through it to create a specially printed cloth called Tapa. However, silk screening formally originates during the Chinese Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD). With remarkable mastery, Chinese artists of the time created special masks (matrixes) which consisted of small pieces glued together using human hair to allow ink to pass. This unique technique was then adopted and further developed by the Japanese who became one of the first Asian countries to make recognizable screen printing artwork. They too created stencils out of cut paper and woven mesh made from human hair. At the World's Fair, Japanese textiles including their silk screened fabric became such a success that artisans from England and France respectively began to use silk screening.
Now we approach modern times and more specifically, the Pop Artist era of the 1960s headed by such popular artists as Peter Blake, Andy Warhol, and Robert Rauschenberg. Through their works using serigraphy it led to the booming use of it as a medium for the creation of contemporary artworks. A popular example is Andy Warhol’s 1962 Marilyn Diptych, a famous silk screen print of Marilyn Monroe from her 1953 film Niagara. In addition to contemporary artworks, silk screening began to grow in the commercial, industrial sector. In 1960, American entrepreneur, artist, and inventor Michael Vasilantone created, developed, used, and sold a rotatable multi-color garment screen printing machine. This became the standard form of machinery that by the time the patent had been released, an industrial boom for printed t-shirts occurred and nearly half of the United States’ screen printing activity was completed using Vasilantone’s machine.